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How do car accidents cause traumatic brain injuries?

Louisiana sees its fair share of vehicle collisions. So far in 2017, the most dangerous time of year appears to be the spring, with over 4,000 crashes occurring each month between March and May. 

There are numerous dangers associated with car accidents. One commonly overlooked problem is traumatic brain injuries. These are typically referred to as concussions, and they pose many dangers to people. It can take months after a collision for the symptoms to manifest, so people need to remain cognizant of their health to get medical help when they require it. 

How does it happen?

During a crash, the driver may strike his or her head against the steering wheel, dashboard or backseat. In many cases, the skin suffers no penetration, so it is difficult from sight alone whether there is an issue. As a result of the collision, the brain collides with the skull. This can cause either internal bleeding within the skull, known as brain hemorrhage, or it can cause internal bruising, known as a contusion. 

What are the symptoms of a traumatic brain injury?

Occasionally, it will be apparent at the scene when a person suffers from a concussion. Other times, the symptoms may not manifest until weeks or months later. There are numerous symptoms of this condition, such as:

  • Vomiting or nausea
  • Mood swings, including being quick to anger, loneliness or anxiety
  • Chronic fatigue or dizziness
  • Mental confusion
  • Amnesia
  • Difficulty understanding or thinking
  • Persistent headaches

What should sufferers do?

Immediately following a car accident, everyone involved should see a medical professional. In the event of a traumatic brain injury, the person can receive a proper diagnosis and see what treatments are available. For minor concussions, the doctor may only recommend some rest. In other cases, the doctor may need to prescribe medication, such as anti-seizure drugs or diuretics. Either way, it is good to have a full medical report on file in case this incident needs to go to court. 

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